the Wakefield Doctrine (“…and you say this has been around since, what…1984?”)

Welcome to the Wakefield Doctrine (the theory of clarks, scotts and rogers)

The Wakefield Doctrine maintains that everyone is born with the capability to experience life in one of  three worldviews (personal realities), characterized as that of ‘the Outsider’ (a clark), ‘the Predator’ (a scott) and the worldview of ‘the Herd Member’ (a roger). Depending on which of these three a person ends up in, we say that a person is a clark or a scott or a roger. 
When we say, ‘experience the world’ we don’t just mean things about you, we mean the way you see the world, the assumptions you make, how you feel about other people; in other words, how do you relate yourself to the world around you?
Not as difficult as it sounds.
Try this: if you are a roger that means that you know that world is based on rules and that people who know these rules gather in relationships and groups sort of like a herd of animals do, common interests in common.  A person experiencing life from the  rogerian worldview, will ‘know’ that the universe is quantifiable, knowable, organized. The character of this worldview results in world that demonstrates and manifests this quality of being quantifiable-ness, orderliness,  as a result those people who grow up, mature and develop experiencing the world of the roger  tend to be attracted to certain jobs, careers and fields and very often are successful in positions in such fields as engineering, accountancy,  the law (judges and prosecutors), to name just a few.  Any endeavor that requires a very methodical, meticulous and controlled approach, the most successful will be found to be the roger personality type.

The principle applies to clarks and scotts. The Wakefield Doctrine holds that our ‘personality type’ is simply that practice of successful coping strategies consistent with the nature of the world that the individual grows up experiencing. The personal qualities ascribed to each of the three personality types is a direct reflection of the characteristics of the worldview/personal realities of that person. ‘Who’ we are as personality types is demonstrated in what we do for work, what our idea of recreation is, who are friends are and what we reject the most in our daily lives.

Now one of the best things about this Doctrine thing is that you don’t have to take a test or a college course, you don’t have to pay someone money to test you and you don’t even have to know anything about psychology, in other words,  none of the hoops and hurdles that most of the other personality typing systems require you to jump through before you can get any of the benefits.  Here at the Doctrine, all you have to do:  be able to step outside yourself, see beyond the most basic assumptions you make about life and reality. Do that and you will find a benefit to knowing this Wakefield Doctrine.

One thing we hear from people who have begun to explore the Wakefield Doctrine is, “I read the description of the three personality types, sometimes I think I am a roger and other times it is clear I must be a scott. That must mean your theory does not work on me.”  The reason for this initial uncertainty is very simple: we are all born with the potential to experience the world from the perspective of all three personality types, clarks and scotts and rogers. However, at some point in early childhood, we all settle on one of the three worldviews. At this point we become  a scott or a roger or a clark. We do not lose the capability to experience the world as do the ‘other two’ personality types. They remain as secondary aspects and tertiary aspects. Suffice to say, we always have the potential to act as any of the three personality types, our predominant personal reality is how we see and experience the world most of the time.

So that’s it. The Wakefield Doctrine. Step A.

(For more detail on the three personality types:  clarks  or scotts  or rogers)

The Wakefield Doctrine is predicated upon the idea that everyone experiences the world/reality differently, from one of three overlapping but distinct perspectives. It  proposes that our personalities are but  a result of our perception, of our habitual responses to the world. The Wakefield Doctrine maintains that this ‘characteristic perception of reality’ can be grouped into three distinct types, called for reasons stated elsewhere, clarksscotts and rogers.

Born with the potential to view the world in one of these three ways, all people possess the characteristics of all (three) but soon (by age 7 or so) ‘become one’ of the three.  Put another way: we also possess the potential to see the world as a clark or a scott or a roger. It is only the predominance of qualities from one (over the other two) that makes us what we are. No one is only clarklike or scottian or rogerian.

The value of the Wakefield Doctrine is that once you can see the world ‘through the eyes’ of another, behavior becomes understandable. If a scott sees the world as a predator (would), then all action is predicated on interacting with the world as a predator. This is distinctly different from a roger, who seeing the world as a social being, predicates action and reaction on the basis of a world in which the interactions of the herd is the dominant theme.

The above notwithstanding, following is the eureka moment for the theory of clarksscotts and rogers (the Wakefield Doctrine):

In the early 1980’s, Scott (the progenitor scott) worked at a music store in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. He was the only full time salesman and (also) ran the store’s repair department. Not limited to repairing musical instruments, the store provided repair services for a wide range of electronic equipment, including  tape recorders and other audio equipment.

One day I happened to stop by the store to visit scott while he worked. While there, a young man walked into the store, came directly to the ‘repair department’ where scott and I were talking and placed on the counter what was known as a  ‘duel cassette recorder’  (A device with the capacity to record two cassette cartridges at once. Often used to copy the contents of one cassette to another, what we would call today, making a back up. The controls on this ‘dubbing recorder’ were two sets of the normal tape recorder controls: Volume, Treble and Bass. It was different from a single cassette recorder in that it had a Master Volume control dial, which, as the name implies controlled the overall sound output of the device.) The tape recorder that the customer placed on the counter appeared to be new and had no signs of damage or abuse. I stepped back and Scott looked up and said, ‘What can we do for you’?   The customer said to  Scott, “this thing is brand new, it worked for a couple of days, then it stopped working entirely, I can’t figure out what is wrong”.

Scott looked at the device briefly, then without saying a word, reached under the counter, brought out a roll of electrical tape, and tearing off a 2 inch piece of tape, taped over the Master Volume control (after returning the dial to it’s highest setting). Scott then slid the device back over the counter and said, “ There, its all right now”

The customer asked to plug in the recorder, took a cassette from his pocket, tried the recorder, and ran it through it’s paces. After proving to himself that the broken tape recorder that he brought into the store now worked like new, he  thanked Scott and walked out of the store,  a totally satisfied customer.

From my perspective observing this interaction, my world, the reality of everything I knew, somehow shifted. For reasons not clear to this day, I not only saw what scott saw (the nature of the equipment problem), but I realized that the very nature, the character, if you will of Scotts solution implied a reality, a ‘context’ that was clearly different from mine. At that moment I  accepted that the personal reality that I experienced was not necessarily the one that everyone else was witness to, that the way that Scott perceived the ‘problem’ was fundamentally different from the way it was for me.

From that moment, standing in a small music store in Pawtucket up to the present day, I’ve been observing the behavior of others trying to understand, “What kind of reality does this person exist in?”


A Basic Guide to the Wakefield Doctrine ( the theory of clarks, scotts and rogers )

The Wakefield Doctrine, also known as the theory of clarks, scotts and rogers  is a unique, useful and fun way to approach understanding (the) human personality.

There is more, much more!

Our goal in this little Primer is to give you the basic elements of the Wakefield Doctrine!

The Wakefield Doctrine holds that all people are born with the potential to experience the world in (one) of three characteristic ways, and that at an early age we settle into one of these ways of seeing the world. At this point we are said to become clarks or scotts or rogers. While our experience in life is predominately one of these three worldviews, we never lose the capacity to see the world as the other two types.

This blog has a table of contents, or tabs or some damn thing that will take you to Pages that are devoted to descriptions of the three personality types of the Wakefield Doctrine.

What separates the Doctrine from most other personality typing systems is that rather than trying to assign a ‘label’ or a category or a type to a person based on a list of traits or behaviors or other arbitrary qualities, the Wakefield Doctrine maintains that only by understanding the nature of the world as the other person is experiencing it can you possibly assign a type or label.


I Understand the Principles of the Wakefield Doctrine…what now?


Lets start at the beginning and work from there.

Number One (#1) Most Important Fact about the use of the Wakefield Doctrine: this is for you, not for them


hey…isn’t that the Speaker-for-the-scotts? she’s heading over here and she looks pissed…damn! I’m outa here

OK folks. Here it is. Proof-positive of what I’ve been saying about how unreliable personality tests are. I decided to take one for myself. And like my results below, the questionnaire itself was not detailed. It even says so in my results for crying out loud! I mean, come on, how can a personality test give you specific results if the questions themselves are so broad?

In addition to this test I also took another on personality types that I found in Psychology Today**. I took the damn thing 5 times with completely different answers every time.
The results? All the frickin’same.

Results (…I got ya results…right here…)

My Results: (from one of these tests or another can’t frickin keep ‘em straight anymore) How lame-assed are these “tests”?  they have to nerve to stick this Disclaimer right where you can’t possibly miss it:

“This questionnaire can’t tell you exactly what you are like; it doesn’t go into enough detail and only helps you ask questions about the way you behave and make decisions in your occupation. Don’t rely on it to tell you what your personality is like but use it to think about the different ways that people go about doing things. Read each description, ask yourself if it sounds like you (and it may not!)”

I mean, come on.. Seriously “…sounds like you (and it may not)”.   Ya think?

Hey!  AKH to test-dudes!  Going out on a limb much there? You people are the kind of risk-takers, cutting-edge…’hey, show-me-how-fast-you-can-make-this-thing-go kind of people. Tests to identify your unique personality? Hey! psych-geek, do I look like a roger?! 

My point?

The Wakefield Doctrine is a frickin useful thing, maybe not a, “hey I get paid to sit in some office and maybe teach college freshman psych students to worry about whether they might be gay or something ” (type thing),  but a theory of personality which at least gives you an accurate assessment of “who” you are…no, wait…let’s put it this way: the Wakefield Doctrine is both usable and it is useful!

Example: (you find out you are a clark)  and somebody says, “hey I got a cousin who works at a car lot and they need more people, he says you can make a lot of money’!
Doctrine sez: don’t even try to convince yourself, don’t waste a minute of thought on getting this job, cause you will get the job and you will not make any money.

Example: your sister calls and says to you: “my husband has a friend at work who would be perfect for you, and he is one of the best engineers in the whole place, 
Doctrine sez: jeez I would love to spend an evening listening to a roger talk about themselves…as long as we don’t have to do anything fun

Example: you’re at a party and you discover that the guy your friend brought along for you to meet is talking to everybody even though hey doesn’t know any of them, he is joking and laughing and everyone is paying attention to him
Doctrine sez:  er… that is a scott…great fun if you don’t mind spending the night in jail of the emergency room   


Believe or not, the Wakefield Doctrine  ain’t hard to grasp. How many more frickin’ ways can I tell you that you are missing the boat here people?

And when I say understand everyone else, I mean just that…with the Doctrine you will know how other is gonna  react in any situation! Think that would give you the advantage over them, or what?

So get on over to the Doctrine, right now. No… I’m talking to that other person sitting in front of the computer. Jeez.   Hey, when you get to the Doctrine?….look for stuff  the right side of the page?  Over there-> idiot. See that Table of Contents?

Stop reading this and start reading that!  Go to each ‘bio page’ (clarks, scotts, and rogers).

After you have done that, come back here tell me why you regret not having done it sooner. I’m being totally, 100% serious. (hey, I don’t care how fast you think you can read, you are not done yet, get back there!)

The Wakefield Doctrine is not just some crazy idea thought up by someone for your entertainment (though it is fun once you start applying it). It is an authentic, dynamic theory. And remember, everyone has some characteristics of each. So don’t let that throw you off. It is the predominance of one (of the three types) that makes you either a clark, scott or roger. Don’t try to be the one you think is best. When I read ‘em I never would’ve thought of myself as a scott because scotts seemed to be very brash in an irreverent way. Self-absorbed. Why is it that we all tend to view the scotts as the bad guys? But I digress.
The point is, when you read about the three types (clarks, scotts and rogers), they are tangible. Specific. Easy to grasp. Unlike all of those other personality theories out there. Did I just put the Doctrine into a league of its’ own? Now what does that tell you? Correct. That the Doctrine is a plausible theory of personality types. Damn. That’s frickin’ right. A plausible theory that can be applied to everyone single person regardless of gender or culture.  

 And I’m gonna keep on bugging your asses until I hear some results.

Don’t believe me? Then go to this link take their frickin test and then come right back (hey rogerian academic dudes!! Here ya go.. a couple more  “she is making us take your test” Readers)

Now click this…

**Based on the Five Factor Model credited to Goldberg, Costa and McRae, this test is designed to provide you with valuable insight into your character, aptitudes, and disposition. It is based on the theory that all human personality traits belong to one of five broad dimensions of personality. Each of the five main personality traits stretches along a continuum. The personality traits tested in the questionnaire are consistent cross-culturally, and are fairly stable over time, beginning in young adulthood. An understanding of your position on each dimension can provide you with valuable insight into your personality.
You scored somewhere in the middle between introversion and extroversion, which means that you draw characteristics from both ends of the spectrum. Sometimes, you need time to yourself, preferring to think things through on your own. Other times, you enjoy interacting with others. Overall, you are likely a fairly outgoing person who occasionally opts for solitude. You likely need a balance of alone time and time with others in your life because you can become a little overwhelmed if you ignore the introverted side of yourself.


Gimme a “S”, gimme a “C”, gimme an “O”, gimme…screw that just pay attention

Ok, I’ve given you plenty of time to find your “eureka moment.” But I have yet to hear from anybody. Come on people.

What? You’ve been too busy?!

Give me a break. Why wouldn’t anyone want to take just a moment to read something that would change their entire view of the world and the people in it? It’s not rocket science for crying out loud. Forget about all of those left brain right brain, enneagram  nine personality types, briggs myers, Jungian personality theories.

They are confusing and quite frankly useless. You have to take a frickin’ psychology class to understand them.

Unlike those “oh look at my blog, aren’t we smart with charts and graphs and the rest of that rogerian crap”. Screw that! Here at the Wakefield Doctrine there are no personality tests. We’ve made it  fun and easier than ever to understand.
What do I have to do to get you to take a quick look?
You know that once you do you’ll be hooked,  amazed at how simple it is.  When you finally get around to checking it out, you’ll be thinking,  “Why didn’t I take a look at this sooner? I can’t believe what I’ve been missing out on. What a refreshing and useful way understand and even predict the way everyone behaves.”

So get over to the Wakefield Doctrine. Go ahead, take a peek. Yeah, I can just hear you now… “whoa… this is a lot to learn. I don’t have time for this…”  The beauty of the Doctrine is that you don’t have to read absolutely everything to get it. Just take a look at the summaries of the three types (clarks, scotts and rogers) and read a Post or two.
You’ll be on board in no time. Oh, and don’t forget to share your thoughts. Your Comments, as always, are welcome and are a key part of the Doctrine.